Forwarder Term: CMR
‘Conventional relative au contrat transport international du Marchandise per Route’- International Convention on Carriage of Goods by Road . Signed in Geneva in 1956 this convention governs the carriage of goods by road, and has been adopted by most European nations.
It applies to contracts for the international carriage of goods by road in vehicles over the territories of two different countries of which one at least is a contracting party to CMR. ( Traffic between Ireland and the United Kingdom is the exception ). Therefore it only applies to Ro/Ro or Channel Tunnel movements, where goods remain on vehicles throughout. The carrier is entitled to limit his liability, under convention rules, to SDR 8.33 per kilo. The carrier may also be liable for delay in delivery of the goods if the goods have not been delivered within a previously agreed time limit. If there is no such agreement, delivery must take place within a ‘reasonable’ time.
More creature comforts at EFL
Just a year after Dublin-based EFL International Distribution launched a pet shipping business, the forwarder has joined an international pet shipping trade body to further guarantee the quality of its service offering.
One of Ireland’s foremost independent logistics companies and the long-time exclusive Irish agent of the worldwide U-Freight Group (UFL), EFL International has become a member of the Texas-based International Pet and Animal Transportation Association (IPATA), a non-profit, worldwide trade association for animal handlers and pet moving providers.
As one of only three companies in Ireland accepted into membership, EFL believes that this signifies the growing scale and professionalism of its pet shipping services since its inaugural movement of two pet cats from Thailand to Dublin in summer 2012.
EFL managing director Eddie Mullin considers that IPATA membership crowns a year of pet shipments since EFL International become the first company in the Irish Republic to become an approved carrier under the Irish Government’s Pet Passport System.
He says: “Our membership of IPATA crowns a year of success that has seen our pet traffic go from strength to strength and become a very important part of our service offering. That is why we established our Pets on Board division.”
Pet animals can be moved by EFL International’s Pets on Board division
- www.pets-on-board.ie The movement of this live cargo requires EFL International staff to take extra care throughout the animal’s transit:
this includes Customs clearance, veterinary examination and documentation checks to ensure a safe and speedy release of the animal to its owner. The service is provided at Dublin airport from a mobile veterinary unit by a registered and approved veterinary surgeon working with a member of EFL International’s pet specialist team on the day the animal arrives into Ireland.
Shippers to verify Container Weights.
Sub-Committee on Dangerous Goods, Solid cargoes and Containers (DSC) – 18th Session, 16-20 September 2013
September 20, 2013 – SOLAS amendments to require verification of container weights agreed by Sub-Committee
Draft amendments to SOLAS chapter VI to require mandatory verification of the gross mass of containers were agreed by the Sub-Committee on Dangerous Goods, Solid cargoes and Containers (DSC) when it met for its 18th session, for submission to the Maritime Safety Committee (MSC) for approval with a view to subsequent adoption.
The Sub-Committee also agreed related draft guidelines regarding the verified gross mass of a container carrying cargo. The draft guidelines will also be forwarded to the Maritime Safety Committee (MSC) for approval.
The draft amendments would add new paragraphs to SOLAS regulation VI/2 Cargo information to require the shipper of a container to verify the gross mass of container, and to ensure that the verified gross mass is stated in the shipping document. The packed container should not be loaded onto the ship if the verified gross mass has not been provided or obtained.
The gross mass of containers shall be verified by either weighing the packed container using calibrated and certified equipment; or by weighing all packages and cargo items and adding the tare mass (mass of an empty container) to the sum of the single masses.
The Sub-Committee agreed that an exemption to the requirements would apply when containers carried on a chassis or trailer are driven on or off a ro-ro ship engaged in short international voyages.
GSF Welcomes the Decision
The Global Shippers Forum (GSF) has warmly welcomed the decision to support compromise proposals for the verification of container weights.
The GSF has said that that it believes the compromise proposal ( which includes two methods of verification ) is the “best possible outcome” for shippers and the maritime industry, as it provides a flexible and workable solution which can be adopted by industry without significant cost or delays in the supply chain. The second method of verification will allow shippers to use a calculated option whereby the shipper can weigh all packages and cargo items including pallets, dunnage and the tare of the container.
IMO Timetable for Implementation:
If the IMO Subcommittee approves the proposed SOLAS amendment and guidelines at its next meeting in mid-September (DSC 18), they must then be “approved” at the next IMO Maritime Safety Committee (MSC) meeting (MSC 93 in May 2014), and then officially “adopted” by a subsequent MSC. The formal adoption cannot take place earlier than 12 months after the MSC meeting where the proposals were agreed, i.e., MSC 95 in May 2015. Upon adoption, there is typically a 24 months “waiting period” before the SOLAS amendments take effect, which would be May 2016. This very lengthy process would ensure more than ample time for shippers and the industry to easily adapt to the new rules.
The proposed amendments strengthen these responsibilities for shippers to verify the weight by weighing the packed container (method one), or weighing all packages and cargo items, including the mass of pallets, dunnage and other securing material to be packed in the container and adding the tare of the container to the sum of the single masses, using a certified method approved by the competent authority of the State in which packing of the container was to be completed (method two).
Jackie Langridge – GSF
DSV Road launches online Quote & Book portal
Friday, 11 October 2013 – Price is delivered almost instantly; whole process can take as little as two or three minutes.
DSV Road has launched an online Quote & Book portal to deliver an instant response to UK customers seeking a spot price.
Director sales & marketing DSV Road Chris Malyon said: “The portal covers export, import and domestic road shipments and speeds up the spot quote process for our customers.”
“It involves a short registration process for new customers,” says Malyon. “After that they just fill in the details relevant to their shipment and submit it to DSV to receive their spot price.
“This price is delivered almost instantly, allowing our customers to then click to complete their booking details with DSV. The whole process can take as little as two or three minutes.”
An additional advantage is that when the customer decides to make repeat booking requests, details are available for instant recall. This not only speeds up the process still further, it also cuts the potential for error.
In the event that the quote request details fall outside DSV’s ability to offer an instant automatic price, for instance hazardous cargo or part loads, the service is designed to ensure DSV returns a price offer to that customer within a maximum 30 minutes during working hours. Or by 9.30am next working day if submitted outside normal working hours.
In addition, DSV Quote & Book is smart phone and tablet compatible, offering full functionality for customers needing to access the portal on the move.
Gulf of Guinea pirates target new vessel types
Friday, 11 October 2013 – Global pirate attacks fell to 138 incidents in the first half of 2013, down from 177 in the first half of 2012
Threat escalates in West Africa as Somali attacks hit a seven-year low.
Piracy is becoming a growing problem in the Gulf of Guinea, with 31 incidents and four hijackings so far this year, as attackers broaden their range of targets beyond ships involved in the local offshore sector, according to the latest report from the International Maritime Bureau.
Nigeria, in particular, has seen the problem escalate: piracy has reached the highest level seen in modern times, with 22 cases reported in the opening six months of 2013, up from 18 in the same period in 2008.
The trend is all the more alarming, given the region’s systematic under-reporting. The IMB believes this prevents the authorities tackling the problem and endangers other vessels that then sail into the area of a previous attack unaware that a threat may exist.
Pirates are adopting ever more sophisticated techniques, often deploying motherships that include seized offshore supply vessels.
If the situation remains unchecked, attacks will become more frequent and more violent, warned Pottengal Mukundan, director of the London-based piracy monitor.
“There has been a worrying trend in the kidnapping of crew from vessels well outside the territorial limits of coastal states in the Gulf of Guinea,” he said.
“In April 2013, nine crew members were kidnapped from two container vessels, one of which was 170 nautical miles off the coast.”
However, Mukundan applauded the recent anti-piracy code of conduct signed by several West and Central African states and urged the governments to go beyond written declarations.
“This should be translated soon into action on the water,” he said. “If these attacks are left unchecked, they will become more frequent, bolder and more violent.
“Co-operation and capacity building among the coastal states in this region is the way forward and [is] urgently needed to make these waters safe for seafarers and vessels.”
By contrast, attacks off the coast of Somalia and in the Gulf of Aden have fallen to their lowest level in seven years, with only eight incidents in the region reported in the first six months of 2013, down from 69 in the corresponding period of 2012. That compares to 145 two years ago.
Two vessels hijacked during the period were recovered by naval forces before their captors could take them to Somalia, highlighting the vital role of such patrols in containing the threat.
Even so, Somali pirates were still holding 57 crew members for ransom on four vessels as of June 30.
Although the picture appears to be improving, the IMB stressed that there can be no let-up in naval protection.
“Only the navies can take such remedial action after a hijack. Denying the pirates any success is essential to a sustained solution to this crime,” said Capt Mukundan.
“Despite the temporary protection provided by the southwest monsoon in some parts of the Arabian Sea, the threat remains and vessels are advised to be vigilant and comply with industry’s best management practices as they transit this area.”
Somali pirates can still threaten merchant and other ships in an extended geographical area, the IMB stressed.
“Reports also suggest that merchant vessels have been approached by potential Somali pirates to assess the on board vigilance, hardening and the carriage of armed teams.”
The IMB’s findings confirm the conclusions of another recent report, this time from the Oceans Beyond Piracy project, which also highlighted the switch from East to West Africa.
OBP estimated the cost of maritime piracy in the Gulf of Guinea at $740m-$950m in 2012, with insurance accounting for just over half of that.
Although the Gulf of Guinea is considerably smaller than the Indian Ocean, which should make policing it somewhat easier, in reality there are generally no opportunities to reroute ships that must enter the area.
Pirate attacks worldwide fell to 138 in the six months in question, down from 177 a year earlier, the IMB reported.
Low-level thefts against vessels in ports and at anchorage in Indonesia accounted for 48 attacks, in which 43 vessels were boarded and some crew members were injured.
Seven locations accounted for 70% of all incidents, Indonesia leading the way with 48, followed by Nigeria with 22, India, Bangladesh and Colombia with six each, and Egypt and Togo with five each.
Hijackings declined from 20 last time round to seven, while the number of seafarers kidnapped came down to 127, compared to 334 in the first half of 2012.
Researchers squash bugs to better wings
7/10/13 – The German Aerospace Center (DLR) is smashing insects – all in the name of fuel efficiency.
During takeoff and landing, aircraft sometimes collide with swarms of insects, cutting fuel efficiency. DLR researchers are working with Airbus to investigate how bugs disturb the airflow over wings. Their goal is to create wings that will incorporate insect protection.
In order to do this, the researchers conducted low-altitude flights over Magdeburg-Cochstedt Airport in Cochstedt, Germany, with an Airbus 320 that has been converted into a research aircraft.
The reason for flying low is that insects are rarely found above an altitude of 200 meters (656 feet). The A320 flew 15 meters (50 feet) above the ground so that researchers could study the effects of bugs in as short a time as possible.
“In order to increase the economic efficiency as well as environmental compatibility of transport aircraft, its fuel burn needs to be reduced,” Dominic Gloss, a researcher at DLR’s Institute of Aerodynamics and Flow Technology, says in an email interview. “The laminar technology offers great potential in reducing the wing friction drag, leading to the aspired fuel savings.”
Laminar flow is used to reduce the drag of airplane wings, making for a more aerodynamic aircraft. In order to combat the effect of insects on wings, future models will need to have smoother surfaces.
“Numerous surface bumps caused by rivets, layers and joints are affecting the wings to date,” Gloss says. “To develop the laminar-flow wing, these flow disruptors have to be eliminated. Future laminar-flow wings are based on a smooth and flow-optimized surface.”
During the flights, the researchers caught the bugs on adhesive films. They are storing the insect patterns in their computer models, which they will use for future wing designs.
Gloss is unsure when these insect-optimized wings would be available on aircraft.
“Questions about the availability of transport aircraft with laminar wings cannot be generally answered by research institutes like ours,” he says. “The availability of new technologies does not only depend on the understanding of the technical side, but also requires many other criteria and factors that need to be taken into account.”
The bug project, which is funded by the German Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology, began in August 2012 and ends in April 2015.
DHL, UN prepare Armenian airports for disaster
7/10/13 – Deutsche Post DHL is taking its Get Airports Ready for Disaster (GARD) program to Zvartnots International Airport in Yerevan, Armenia, and Gyumri Regional Airport in the northwestern part of the country.
The training, which takes place Monday to Thursday, prepares airport personnel and infrastructure for the logistical challenges that accompany natural disasters.
Twenty-five years ago, Armenia was hit by a devastating earthquake that left 25,000 people dead. One of the 60 most disaster-prone countries in the world, Armenia faces a heightened risk of natural catastrophes, including earthquakes, drought and flooding.
“Again and again, we have experienced that natural disasters pose special challenges for logistics in particular and require a fast support,” said Christof Ehrhart, director of corporate communications and responsibility at Deutsche Post DHL. “Our GARD initiative is designed to provide our logistics know-how to local experts in a timely fashion and thus make the work following a natural disaster easier.”
This is the 22nd airport to undergo GARD training. The program was created in 2009 by DHL and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
“Lessons from the devastating earthquake in 1988 forced national authorities to reconsider their response to natural disasters. For almost a decade, UNDP has been supporting national counterparts to increase awareness, to promote disaster preparedness and risk reduction, to establish the concept of national disaster management, as well as to change institutional, legal and regulatory frameworks,” Claire Medina, UNDP deputy resident representative in Armenia, said. “Substantial progress has been made – a National Disaster Risk Reduction Strategy and Action Plan have been developed and a National Platform was officially adopted by the government.”
As part of the program, airport staff and representatives of local agencies and government authorities will assess the local site and develop customized and detailed emergency response plans.
Antonov AN-225 visits Zurich Airport for first time
The joint operation to move a gigantic GT13E2 gas turbine rotor, a generator rotor and other outsize technical equipment to the Middle East was the first time the world’s largest fixed-wing aircraft has visited Zurich Airport.
It is the second time that Chapman Freeborn has brought the Antonov AN-225 to Europe in recent months. In June, the global aircraft charter specialist delivered a 140-tonne load to EuroAirport Basel-Mulhouse-Freiburg in France.
The project in Zurich was observed by Pedro Oliveira from NATCO and Eugen Renfer from Covio SA Aviation Services, Chapman Freeborn’s representative in Switzerland.
The six-hour loading process involved both the AN-225’s ramp-loading apparatus in addition to two heavy-lift cranes. The largest of the pieces handled was a gas turbine rotor weighing 97.5 tonnes.
“For Chapman Freeborn, coordinating outsize cargo charters is a daily occurrence, and we have extensive experience managing complex operations. Nevertheless, projects involving the world’s largest aircraft are always a very impressive spectacle,” Renfer said. “We are very proud to work with our partners to ensure the smooth running of this transportation project. The success is down to the close coordination and commitment of all of the parties involved.”
Air France to shed almost 300 cargo staff
Wednesday, 09 October 2013 – Restructuring has already seen more than 200 jobs axed in division
Air France is planning to shed more than 300 cargo staff next year as part of a fresh round of job cuts across the airline totalling over 1,800 posts.
Under a previous redundancy programme, ending last month, the cargo division axed more than 200 jobs.
While Air France-KLM reduced its operating losses from cargo by over 25% in the first half of the year, the recovery of the business is taking longer than expected and has made more economy measures necessary. Rationalisation also entails the phasing-out of Air France’s B747-400 freighter fleet over the next two years and the re-focus of its maindeck offering on two B777F.
It has a total of five B747-400 Extended Range Freighters (ERFs) but only two are currently in service. 70% of Air France’s cargo traffic is now transported on its passenger flights.
The staff cutbacks at Air France Cargo and the changes to its freighter fleet do not concern sister companies, KLM Cargo and Martinair Cargo.
The Air France-KLM group’s latest cargo traffic figures show that Revenue Tonne Kilometres (RTK) last month fell by 4.1% on September 2012 on a 2.0% reduction in capacity. This produced a load factor down 1.4% percentage points to 62.4%.
January-September RTK fell 5.5% on the same period last year against a 3.2% decrease in capacity.
Load factor shed 1.5% percentage points to 62.1%.
Air France-KLM Cargo’s two biggest traffic regions, the Americas and Asia-Pacific, saw RTK decline by 6.1% and 1.9% respectively last month and by 1.9% and 9.8% respectively between January and September
Some more puns:
1. A rubber – band pistol was confiscated from an algebra class, because it was a weapon of math disruption.
2. No matter how much you push the envelope, it’ll still be stationery.
3. A dog gave birth to puppies near the road and was cited for littering.
4. A grenade thrown into a kitchen in France would result in Linoleum Blownapart.
5. Two silk worms had a race. They ended up in a tie.
6. A hole has been found in the nudist – camp wall. The police are looking into it.
7. Time flies like an arrow. Fruit flies like a banana.
8. Atheism is a non-prophet organization.
Term of the Week
How to Speak Southern
Chimbley: What smoke comes out of.
“Ah bleeve that shimbley’s stopped up.”
From How to Speak Southern – by Southerners about Southerners and for Southerners ( Yankees, too )- Steve Mitchell. 1976.